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Ошибки в медицинском переводе – Топ-11 самых распространенных

Медицинская сфера – это сложное поле, где даже небольшие ошибки могут иметь серьезные последствия. Эти случаи медицинских ошибок такие как неправильное лечение, неправильные лекарства и ошибки при операциях подчеркивают необходимость постоянного обучения медицинского персонала, тщательного внимания к деталям и внедрения технологических решений для повышения точности и безопасности пациентов.

В этой статье мы рассмотрим 11 самых распространенных ошибок в медицинских переводах, исследуя примеры и статистику в сфере здравоохранения.

medical-mistakes

1. Ошибки в терминологии

Одной из самых распространенных проблем в медицинских переводах является неправильное использование терминологии. Например, термин “intoxication” на английском может быть ошибочно переведен как “отравление”, в то время как правильный перевод – “интоксикация”.

Согласно исследованию известного медицинского журнала, более 30% случаев ошибочного лечения связаны с неправильным пониманием терминов в медицинских текстах. Очень важно переводчикам проверять использованный термин в медицинских словарях, например, в этих.

2. Перевод симптомов в диагнозы

Иногда переводчики допускают ошибку, переводя симптомы как диагнозы. Например, “головная боль” может быть неверно интерпретирована как “мигрень”, что может привести к неправильному лечению.

Пример: “Headache” переведенный как “мигрень”, в то время как правильный перевод – “головная боль”.

medical-mistakes--hospital

3. Игнорирование культурных аспектов при переводе медицинских документов

Медицинские традиции и понятия могут сильно различаться в разных культурах. Некорректное понимание этих аспектов может привести к недопониманию пациента и ошибочному лечению.

Более 20% случаев неправильного диагноза связаны с недостаточным учетом культурных особенностей при переводе медицинских документов.

4. Ошибки в дозировках и инструкциях по применению

Неправильные переводы дозировок могут иметь катастрофические последствия для пациента. А также ошибки при приеме лекарств могут иметь серьезные осложнения для здоровья. Нерегулярный прием, неправильная дозировка или игнорирование инструкций могут снизить эффективность лечения и даже вызвать побочные эффекты. 

Недостаточная информированность о взаимодействии лекарств, особенно в случае самолечения, может стать источником проблем, требующих дополнительного медицинского вмешательства.

Пример: “Take one tablet daily” может быть ошибочно переведен как “Принимайте одну таблетку каждый час” – такая ошибка, может вызвать передозировку.

Пример: Передозировка ацетаминофена из-за недостаточного внимания к переводу инструкций может привести к острой печеночной недостаточности.

Пример: Неправильный медицинский перевод и комбинированное применение определенных антидепрессантов при головной боли может вызвать серьезные побочные эффекты, такие как синдром серотонинового избытка.

Пример: Применение гормональных препаратов, предназначенных для одного пациента, у других может вызвать эндокринные нарушения и привести к нежелательным последствиям.

5. Неправильное понимание контекста

Медицинские тексты часто требуют понимания контекста, особенно врачебных замечаний. Неправильное толкование контекста может привести к неверному лечению. Более 40% случаев ошибочного лечения связаны с неправильным пониманием контекста врачебных указаний.

Хирургические ошибки могут быть драматичными и иметь серьезные последствия для пациента, особенно если к ним добавляются ошибки при переводе медицинской документации. Например, неправильный перевод инструкций по применению нового хирургического оборудования может привести к недоразумениям в команде хирургов и воздействовать на успешность операции.

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6. Использование устаревших терминов и данных

Медицинская терминология постоянно обновляется, и использование устаревших терминов или данных может привести к ошибочному диагнозу и лечению.

Пример: Использование не точного термина “сахарный диабет” вместо “сахарный диабет 2 типа”.

7. Игнорирование медицинских сокращений

Медицинские сокращения могут быть сложными для перевода. Их неправильное толкование может привести к серьезным ошибкам в интерпретации медицинских документов. Более 25% случаев неверного диагноза связаны с неправильным переводом медицинских сокращений.

Примером неправильного медицинского сокращения может быть “PO” (per os), что означает “через рот” на латинском. Однако, при неверном переводе, это сокращение иногда может быть неправильно интерпретировано как “по” (ENG — on, by), вместо указания на пероральное (через рот) употребление лекарства. Такая путаница может вызвать недопонимание в назначении лекарств и влиять на эффективность терапии.

8. Недостаточное знание медицинских процедур и технологий

Переводчики, не обладающие достаточным знанием медицинских процедур и технологий, могут допускать ошибки в переводах, что приводит к недопониманию медицинского контекста.

Пример: Неправильный перевод термина “laparoscopy” как “лапаротомия”, а правильно должно быть “лапароскопия”.

9. Неучет изменений в законодательстве и протоколах лечения

Медицинская практика постоянно развивается, и неучет изменений в законодательстве или протоколах лечения при переводе медицинских текстов может привести к устаревшей информации. Более 15% случаев неправильного лечения связаны с устаревшей информацией в переведенных медицинских документах.

10. Неудовлетворительное владение языком перевода

Недостаточное владение языком перевода может привести к множеству ошибок, от неправильного выбора слов до непонимания контекста.

Пример: “Complication” переведенный как “сложность”, вместо “осложнение”.

11. Проверка качества перевода и использование машинных переводов

Полагаться исключительно на перевод без последующей редакции и проверки со стороны профессиональных медицинских редакторов – это неоправданный риск.

А также использование машинных переводов как Google Translate или DeepL в медицинских текстах представляет серьезные неприятности, такие как неправильная интерпретация терминологии, проблемы с дозировками и игнорирование культурных особенностей.

Передача тонов, диалектов, идиом и культурных норм между людьми гораздо понятнее и точнее, чем при использовании языкового искусственного интеллекта, который может стать барьером между ними.

Эти ошибки могут привести к недоразумениям в диагнозах, неправильному лечению, угрозе здоровью и даже смерти пациентов. Важность тщательной проверки и редакции медицинских переводов подчеркивается необходимостью обеспечения точности и безопасности в данной области.

Цена медицинских ошибок

Медицинские ошибки несут высокую цену для пациентов, влияя на их здоровье и качество жизни. Например, неправильный диагноз может привести к задержке начала лечения, потерю драгоценного времени, что увеличивает риск осложнений и усложняет лечение.

Итак, стоимость медицинских ошибок ощущается на разных уровнях – от здоровья пациентов и финансовых затрат до доверия общества к системе здравоохранения.

Например: Ошибка в назначении антибиотика, на который у пациента была аллергия, привела к серьезным аллергическим реакциям и экстренной госпитализации. Это недоразумение обернулось дополнительными затратами на лечение осложнений и дополнительными медицинскими процедурами.

Ошибки в медицинском переводе – как их предотвратить

Ошибки в медицинских переводах – это серьезная проблема, которая может оказать негативное воздействие на здоровье пациентов.

Для предотвращения медицинских ошибок необходима тесная сотрудническая работа с высококвалифицированными бюро переводов, специализированными в медицинской терминологии, чтобы гарантировать точность перевода медицинских документов и обеспечить правильное восприятие информации медицинским персоналом, сокращая риск ошибок в диагностировании и лечении.

В данном контексте бюро переводов, такое как Littera24, выделяется своим профессионализмом и специализированным подходом к медицинским текстам. С учетом сложности и ответственности в данной области, Littera24 предоставляет не только высококвалифицированных медицинских переводчиков, но и гарантирует тщательную проверку и редакцию, обеспечивая клиентам точные и надежные переводы в сфере здравоохранения.

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